TheHaughton Green Denton coat of arms has more fur on it than you can shake a stick at, including sable, ermine and beaver.
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Beaver fur went to people's heads
Beavers change their habitats by coppicing trees, feeding and sometimes damming small rivers and streams to create ponds.
Faced with a dwindling and unreliable supply of pelts, the traders began to import from North America and Canada, and this for me is when the story gets really interesting, not least because the trade was a fundamental factor in the exploration and early settlement of Canada and North America.
Beaver dams also help to control the flow and quality of water, for example by holding water in times of drought, filtering out silt and stopping pollutants from farmland moving downstream.
The matted fabric was pummelled and boiled repeatedly, resulting in a shrunken and thickened felt.
Much of the trade was done between the native American and Canadian indigenous peoples, including the Algonquian speaking tribes, the Mohegan, Pequot, Narrangansett, Wampanoag, Nipmuck, Pennacook and the Passamaquoddy, to name but a few.
pressed and steamed into shape.
Mercury was used in this process, which caused many of the workers to become ill, and the attendant fits, tremors and aggressive behaviour is said to have given rise to the expression, 'mad as a hatter', although some dispute this.
The beaver sits on top of the heraldry and certainly caught my imagination as I wandered through Haughton Dale nature reserve last week.
Once back in Haughton Dale the beaver pelts went through many processes.
The term 'pow wow' was given only to those who had such dreams and demonstrated their special abilities.
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By the middle of the 19th century beaver fur was used less and less, with silk and other fabrics gaining more popularity.
The Algonquians believed in the concept of dual or twin souls one near the heart, the other near the brain. One soul, the dream soul, travelled in dreams and left the body to roam at night, appearing as a light while the body slept.
Firstly, the underhairs were shaved from the beaver pelt and mixed with a vibrating hatter's bow.
And just to bring you right up to date with regard to the beaver in the UK, I am pleased to say that they are back. In Air Max Thea Red Bronze May 2009, beavers were introduced back to Knapdale Forest in Scotland, as part of a five year trial.
The Hudson Bay Company, which was founded in the early 17th century, made its fortune through this trade.
Beavers became extinct in the UK in the early 16th century, when a relict population around Loch Ness were finished off.
In this way they benefit other species by creating more varied habitats, which are richer in food.
Filled over a hat form block, the felt was Nike Air Max Tavas Dark Blue
the area's renowned hatting trade, and of course the use of beaver pelts for the production of felt hats in the 18th and 19th centuries.
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Then when the hatting trade began in earnest, the demand nearly wiped out the beaver in Europe as well.
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